An Overview of the Chemical Energy Field
In physics, energy is simply the quantifiable property that has to be moved to a system or physical object to do work on it, or in this case to warm it up. Energy is a non-conformist quantity; in fact, the entire law of energy itself states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, only changed from one state to another. To describe any type of energy, you have to use a language known as “meta belief” which is a combination of quantum mechanics, thermodynamics, and relativity. It says that the entire universe consists of energy at various wavelengths and frequencies, which is what is being discussed here.
The debate now is
how energy gets from somewhere to somewhere in the universe and how it can be transformed into other types of energy. For instance, if we take the energy coming from the sun, which is usually classified as being nonrenewable, we find that it can be transformed into other forms of energy such as electricity, nuclear energy, and even acoustic waves. Now, some questions arise: Why does the sun produce nonrenewable energy?
How can the heat energy escape from the surface of the earth
without losing its heat through evaporation? How is it heated by radiation and by convection and radiation? What are the different ways by which the heat energy gets transferred from the sun to the earth and back to the sun? These are just some of the questions that scientists have been asking since thermodynamics was introduced over a hundred years ago.
A new approach to thermodynamics,
called the cumulative evolution, has been developed and involves a much larger scale than the cumulative changes that take place in one form of energy. This approach shows us that all forms of energy, including heat energy, can be accumulated in a “superatom” or a nucleus in colliding molecules. Once these colliding molecules have gained enough mass, they become part of one single atomic particle, and this article is called a proton. The other atoms that make up the atom are called protons.
The nucleus of the proton contains a lot of free electrons,
and the electrons are bound together by an uneven number of hydrogen bonds. The number of bonds varies according to the atom, and the proton contains two unbound electrons – a valence electron and an unpaired electron. This four-particle system (Nucleus/Proton) contains many atoms with almost completely identical characteristics. Each of the atomic nuclei is assigned a unique number that uniquely identifies it. This is what we call “nucleus composition”.
The sum of all these individual numbers will give us the total amount of potential energy.
If we could redefine potential energy as the amount of energy that is available to an object when striking it with a given amount of force, we get something close to a perfect definition of the word ‘energy’. In a nutshell, potential energy is simply the energy that an object possesses after transformation. Thus, if we take the example given earlier involving hydrogen atoms, we can conclude that energy that is possessed by the hydrogen atom is simply kinetic. This conclusion can be extended to other types of atoms and is important in explaining many of the mysteries of chemical reactions.